|In this photo:
ORIGINAL LETTER to John Hancock, from distributors of East India
tea, November 18, 1773. A city committee headed by Hancock had
sent an official demand to these merchants to stop selling the
tea. This response is the committee's refusal that precipitated
the Boston Tea Party.
||On loan from the collection of:
||--Salisbury House Foundation, Des Moines IA
PORTRAIT (Reproduction) of Samuel Adams (top left)
PORTRAIT (reproduction) of John Hancock (top center)
PORTRAIT (reproduction) of John Adams, early 1780s (cutout figure
PORTRAIT (reproduction)of Paul Revere (bottom left)
SURVEY (reproduction) for Patrick Henry for the purchase of
land in Kentucky, 1774, and the transfer of the same land in
(reproduction) of Patrick Henry (cutout figure on left)
(reproduction) of Benjamin Franklin (bottom right)
Boston Rebels, a Virginia Attorney, and an Ambassador
SAMUEL ADAMS was such an effective political agitator
that the Revolution might not have begun without him. Adams organized
the underground group called Sons of Liberty, was the most likely
instigator of the Boston Tea Party, and spread propaganda through
broadsides and pamphlets that
called for unified resistance.
After JOHN HANCOCK inherited a fortune in his mid-20s,
this elegant dandy nearly single-handedly bankrolled the early protests
in Boston. In the late 1760s, he was accused of smuggling and although
certainly guilty, his attorney was able to get Hancock relieved
of all charges. The lawyer was Sam's cousin, John Adams.
JOHN ADAMS was a brilliant 35-year-old attorney and
a passionate defender of individual rights. Some of the evidence
that he collected (and concealed) for the successful defense of
Boston Massacre soldiers could have led Sam Adams and the Sons of
Liberty to be arrested for treason.
PAUL REVERE was a leader of Boston's skilled craftsmen
who spied on Redcoat activity. A talented silversmith,
printer and engraver, Revere's rebellious view of political events
appeared in newspapers, almanacs and broadsides that spread patriotic
messages throughout the colonies.
PATRICK HENRY was an attorney from Virginia whose
defiant oratory was essential to the early patriotic cause. In 1775
he offered these famous words: "Is life so dear, or peace so
sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? I
know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty,
or give me death!"
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN served as a colonial ambassador
to London for nearly 20 years, and considered himself first an Englishman,
then an American. Nevertheless, he staunchly defended American rights.
Ben Franklin came from Philadelphia where he had published Poor
Richard's Almanack, and his shrewd wit and wisdom had
made him famous throughout the world through such observations as:
"God helps those who help themselves;" "No gains
without pains;" and "Nothing in this world is certain
but death and taxes."