"Revolutionary America! 1763-1789 April 20-November 3, 2002

Southern Campaign

photo of exhibit section
In this photo:

OFFICER'S SWORD (top left) used by Count Casimir Pulaski, and the GRAPE SHOT that killed him.

  On loan from the collection of:
    --Georgia Historical Society, Atlanta GA
PRINT "Death of Count Pulaski" by Polish artist, Szyk.
    --Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum, Hyde Park NY
SWORD (center) of a Scotsman said to have been used at Kings Mountain, 1780
    --Virginia Historical Society, Richmond VA
LETTER, 1780, signed by Nathaniel Greene
    --American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA
LETTER (reproduction), signed by Francis Marion, 1780
    --South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston SC
LETTER (reproduction), regarding an altercation with Tarleton
    --South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston SC
PAPER CARTRIDGE covered with wax from North Carolina
    --Andy Ball, Des Moines IA
PORTRAIT (reproduction) of BANASTRE TARLETON (bottom right)
PORTRAIT (reproduction) of "The Swamp Fox" FRANCIS MARION (bottom center)
PORTRAIT (reproduction) of NATHANIEL GREENE (bottom left)

LEGENDS of the SOUTHERN CAMPAIGNS
"We fight, get beat, rise and fight again."

A native of Poland, COUNT CASIMIR PULASKI, volunteered his services in 1777 and served with distinction at Brandywine and other northern battles. He was mortally wounded during the Siege of Savannah, 1779.

The Revolution in the South resembled a civil war, filled with bloody retaliations fought between American Patriots and American Loyalists. At King's Mountain, for example, militiamen plus several hundred "over mountain men" from Tennessee nearly massacred a 1,000-man Loyalist force.

By August 1780, NATHANIEL GREENE replaced Horatio Gates as commander of the Southern Army, and masterfully rallied both militia forces and guerrilla fighters. A Quaker from Rhode Island, he had served admirably at Trenton, Brandywine, Valley Forge and Monmouth before taking command in the South.

FRANCIS MARION became a brilliant guerrilla leader known as the "Swamp Fox" who used decoy and ambush to disrupt enemy communications, capture supplies, and free prisoners. (A compilation of several Southern guerrilla fighters became the lead character played by actor Mel Gibson in the movie, "The Patriot.")

BANASTRE TARLETON, the highly skilled leader of a 550-man British cavalry Force, was called "The Butcher" after becoming infamous for his ruthless slaughter of Americans (also portrayed in the movie, "The Patriot"). But he met his match in early 1781 at a wooded pasture called Cowpens, where he was forced to run from DANIEL MORGAN'S sharpshooters (hero of Quebec, Sarasota, and other northern battles). It was a stunning victory for Americans! The British soon left the Carolinas to invade Virginia.

 

The French
  Prisoners of War
Redcoats and Turncoats
  Benedict Arnold
Southern Campaign (You are here)
Yorktown

 

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